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Welcome in our online SUP Shop

From traditional origins to modern mass sports

The stand-up paddling, to German paddling and also called SUP (pronunciation: esjupi), is on the way to establish itself as a popular sport. Be it the Elbe or the Rhine, Lake Chiemsee or Lake Constance - people are increasingly seeing themselves standing on boards and paddling along these waters. In fact, this seemingly new trend is centuries, possibly even millennia old. It is proven that centuries ago Polynesian island peoples used the so-called dugout for fishing and to travel between the small islands. Most of these canoe-like dugouts were made of bamboo. The first boom experienced this method of locomotion in the middle of the last century in Hawaii. Surf instructors used standing paddling to keep track of their students as surfing became fashionable. The elevated position also allowed them to better anticipate and photograph the waves. As a sport, the stand-up paddling became known only in the 80s. At that time, well-known surfers and surfers started out with paddles to wave and windless times on their longboards. Around the year 2000, the stand-up paddling was rediscovered. World-famous water sports enthusiasts such as Robby Naish contributed significantly to make the sport known and the first manufacturers began mass production. With the invention of the inflatable SUPs, the inflatable boards, the boom was decisively advanced. Uninflated, the iSUPs can be easily folded, take anywhere and stored just as easily. Today there are different variations of this water sport in which competitions are held. The boards are adapted to different waters and driving requirements. They are available in different price ranges, for the whole family, especially for women and children as well as for transporting loads and entire teams.

Hardboards - children of the classics

The SUP Hardboards are derived from the classic surfboards for surfing. This legacy still bears some hard SUPs as a wood core. The different hardboards differ in construction, shape and length, which are adapted to the respective purpose and user. Basically, they all have an uplifting and lightweight core made of wood such as bamboo or carbon, epoxy or other plastics. Over the core several layers of different materials are drawn. Depending on the manufacturer and type, glass, carbon and basalt fibers are used. It should also be noted that the underwater craft should have other characteristics than the deck and the footprint. The underwater ship is the part of the board that is in the water and determines the driving characteristics in addition to the shape. On the top of the board, the stand often receives a layer of EVA, for example, to give the rider more grip and a pleasant foot feel. The rails (the side parts of the SUP) are also protected with an extra layer of material to make the board more robust.

Hardboards are characterized mainly by their rigidity. They are hard and firm. This gives them a slightly better ride than inflatable SUPs. However, as the development of these inflatable boards is progressing rapidly, the differences become smaller and smaller. For all SUPs, the stiffer the board, the better it is in the water and the better the agility. For hardboards also speaks their dimensional stability and formability. A hardboard can have very hard edges at the rear. This so-called Wasserabrisskante improves the handling characteristics massively. Similarly, the development of the underwater ship is very important: factors such as the degree of bending of the rocker affect the waterline and the driving style. A stable water flow and how the board can be kept in line depends on how the underwater vessel is shaped. If concaves are incorporated, they act like rails, along which the water is guided. This makes the SUP more stable in the water and travels along these self-formed rails. Rims on the rails are also effective. They provide more grip. However, if a high speed is desired, the rails are formed round. The shape of the bug also plays a big role. If a more pointed and displaced shape is chosen, the SUP cuts better through the water. Especially when it comes to such precise formations can be afforded on a more detailed detail work hardboards.

Hardboards, however, are not the better SUPs per se. It depends a lot on the driver's requirements and possibilities, what kind of board he should get. Bear in mind that a hardboard is harder to transport and store. In addition, they are less flexible in use, for example, if there is a desire that the SUP is driven by several people. In addition, the surface of the hardboards react less robust in stone contact. Hard stones can damage the surface sensitively. In this case, it is important to immediately seal the corresponding position. That's why boardbags and protection for the rails are of enormous importance. In the sporty or professional area, however, hard SUPs are usually the first choice.

Paddle - today's high-tech blades

The paddle has undergone great development in stand-up paddling and has become an absolute high-tech product. Accordingly, the selection has become very large. There are also many variants. Basically, there are three types of SUP paddle: one-piece (fixed), two-piece (vario) and three-piece (3-piece).
The fixed paddles have a one-piece shaft, which is usually 220 to 240 cm long. It is shortened according to the size and needs of the driver. The handle is glued to the shaft once the length has been adjusted. One-piece paddles have the best bending behavior (flex properties) and are generally lighter. However, they are no longer adjustable after cutting and can then no longer be used by other drivers. Since the final length is still over 2 meters, they are less portable to transport. These paddles are mostly used in the race and professional area, as they transmit the power of the driver best by their low weight and high rigidity.

The two-piece vario paddles are among the most popular models, as they have many advantages. Due to the Varioeinschubteil, where the handle is, the length of the paddle can be adjusted to suit every driver. This is very useful for families, for example. Completely pushed together, the paddle is usually 160 cm long and can be easily carried and transported. Nevertheless, the paddles are relatively stiff and have good flex properties. The Vario insert is inserted into the main shaft and secured with a clamp. Meanwhile, the system has evolved and the insert is additionally fixed on rails and safety pins. So the parts have no more play, can not twist and are protected against water infiltration.

Three-piece 3-piece paddles are definitely in the front in terms of comfort. The pieces of the disassembled paddle simply fit into the SUP board bag. This makes them practical for long trips. In terms of the stiffness of these paddles you have to accept small losses. Also, the 3-piece paddles are a few ounces heavier. The components are mounted as with Vario by means of a connection system. These include guide rails, safety pins and brackets.

For the shaft different materials are used. Cheaper paddles are mostly made of aluminum and therefore heavier. The lightest paddles have a carbon shaft and are found in the higher price segment. In between, there are countless variants in which fiberglass or fiberglass are mixed to varying degrees with carbon. Paddle shafts, which are only made of GRP, are soft and have a high flex degree. The Flex degree determines how far a paddle shaft bends. The norm is currently at 35-45. The stiffer the paddle, the better the driver's power is transmitted. For this reason, very stiff shafts are used in the race area. However, a softer shaft is more comfortable for hobbyists and protects the joints. Paddles are also offered with different shaft thicknesses. The average shaft measures 29 mm. For smaller hands, such as women and children, a shaft diameter of 26 mm is better. In the professional field oval shafts, which are grippier spread.

The paddle blades, also called blades, differ in material, shape, size and the angle in which they stand to the shaft. Straight high-quality paddles consist of several layers. Inside, a core sheet is created, which is reinforced and stabilized by the so-called stringer. Also for the sheet is that a higher stiffness also ensures better power transmission. The leaf core consists eg of wood, PVC, carbon or fiberglass. The reinforcing stinger runs in the middle of the core and is often made of carbon. Over the core and stringer, one or more layers of carbon or various synthetic fibers are then laid. This improves the material properties and makes the blade stiffer, more stable and also more robust. The edges of the blade usually have an ABS protection, as they are of course very stressed and must be protected from knocks, bumps and scratches. The composition of the material affects not only the flex properties of the sheet, but also the weight. A lighter overall weight is always preferable, because so the energy consumption is lower, you can paddle longer and the joints are spared.

Regarding the size of the leaf, the bigger the leaf, the further you go with a paddle train. But it also means that the effort required per move is greater. For longer trips blades with a smaller surface are recommended. In the racing area, smaller blades are also selected and the tempo is generated by a high beat frequency. Larger paddle blades are used in the surfing area, as the larger paddles help maneuver better and are more agile in the shaft. The angle at which the blade is curved to the shaft has an influence on reach and technique. The right angle can just extend the range, which is desired in the touring and race area. In addition, the curvature of the blade neck and the position of the blade can improve the technique. It may also be added a slight curvature of the leaf, which simplifies the immersion.

The specific shape of the leaf is the key to performance and dedication. Blades that are rather drop-shaped are all-rounders and good for the Wave SUP and leaves that have a V-shape just in the upper part near the neck are used in race and touring. The edges are flattened to allow the paddle to slide into the water as lightly as possible. The narrower the shape of the leaf, the easier it can be lifted out of the water. Especially at high beat frequency that is of enormous importance. The surfaces of the paddle blade are not flat, but usually have indentations. One speaks of concaves. Some blades have two or four concaves. These concaves improve the leadership characteristics. The paddling is easier to pull through the water because it does not twist and flutter.

Inflatable SUP

The iSUPs are inflatable boards and form the counterpart to the hardboards. They are also the reason why stand-up paddling is fast becoming a popular sport. Not inflated, the SUPs are foldable, easy to transport and store. That is, in addition to their robustness, the biggest advantage over the hardboards. Since the technology is now very advanced, the differences between the two categories have become very small. The inflatable SUPs are available for every body of water, every skill level and every riding style. The iSUPs are similar to rubber hoses and therefore as robust as rubber boats, etc. They consist of a bottom and top, which is usually made of PVC. The interior is not hollow. The two parts are connected to each other by means of the so-called drop-stitch technology. Thousands of small nylon threads are stretched and fused between the plastic layers. The threads make small indentations on the bottom and top of the SUPs. This also shows the quality of an iSUP. The more of these indentations are there, and the closer they are together, the stiffer the board is. The boards are made in different ways. There are boards with a layer, boards with two now even three layers and iSUPs, which are manufactured using Stringer technology. A stringer runs around the whole board, which has only one layer, giving it extra rigidity. Boards with only one layer are lighter. In addition, they are easier and faster to inflate. They are not so stiff and robust. Rigidity is the most important factor in iSUPs. Especially in touring and race, she decides about victory or defeat. But even for amateur paddlers who weigh a bit more, it is important, so it does not come to twists, where the bow and stern are twisted.

Visually, the iSUPs are a bit bulkier and softer. This also has the advantage that they are better suited for beginners. Volume and shape also determine the tipping stability of the iSUPs, which is important for safety and driving pleasure. Due to their softer surface, which is at the same time so robust, these boards are used almost exclusively in whitewater. Of course, the iSUPs come with the valve, which pumps them up. For more comfort, the stand surface is covered with EVA, so that the driver has more grip and a pleasant feeling. In contrast to the hardboards, the iSUPs are not so precisely malleable. Depending on the manufacturer, this disadvantage is compensated by technical innovations. Water tear edges are added or ropes are tensioned to better track or stiffen the board.

As with the hardboards, rocker, waterline, bow and stern determine the driving style of the SUP, as do the rails. Outline, length and volume determine whether the board is an allrounder, touring, race or wave board.

   

Types of SUP boards

Allround SUP

Allround SUP An SUP that is used as an allround board can be used on any body of water. There are also typical beginner boards and can be driven in part by the whole family. They have more volume and a less narrow shape.

As a result, they are particularly resistant to tipping, the bow is wide and rounded, and the tail is a bit wider. Due to the soft edges and the wide outline the driving characteristics are balanced and the driving style balanced. The boards are agile and forgiving. In addition, care is taken that the rails are shaped so that paddling is easy.

   

Touring SUP

Touring SUP The touring SUPs are longer and narrower. Your outline runs parallel. The stern and nose are also narrow and pointed. This ensures a long waterline that improves the watercourse properties.This means that the board stays in the lane better and has longer glide phases. Due to the narrow tail, the boards are also a bit harder to turn around. These boards are faster than allrounders. They are suitable for long distances and fitness-oriented riders with experience.

   

Race SUP

Race SUP As the name suggests, these are true competition boards. They are even longer than the touring boards and even narrower.

As a result, even higher speeds can be achieved with them. The rigidity and shape of the underwater hull are perfectly geared for maximum speed and give the board optimum runnability.

Wave SUP

Wave SUP Origin and premier class to equal! Small waves can also be ridden with all-rounders, but as the waves get bigger, a different shape is required.

The wave boards often bear the name Stubby. They are three to four feet shorter than Allrounder. Also, the stern and bow are not pointed, but flattened. That makes the boards very little.

   

The paddle technique makes it

For the paddle fun, not only the quality of the board and paddle is important, but also the way to paddle. The right technology brings more speed and balance with less energy. Here is a short introduction:

The paddler stands upright and hip-width on the stand area. The knees are slightly bent. This makes it easier to balance and the stand is more stable. The paddle is guided with both hands. One hand is on the handle of the paddle and is used as a pressure arm. It guides the entire paddle movement and is vertical over the paddle blade. The other arm is called a pull arm and is placed about one shoulder width under the press arm. This pose creates a triangle of forces between the upper body, the pressure arm and the tension arm. At the same time, the posture is stabilized.

A whole paddle stroke is divided into three phases. The first phase is the piercing phase, the so-called catch. Here, the paddle is inserted as far in the front as possible into the water. As soon as the paddle is completely in the water, the pulling phase begins. Propulsion is only generated in the space from grooving to pulling to the feet. The board should be pulled to the paddle, not the other way around. The third part of the movement is the return phase. By moving to the side, the paddle comes out of the water and is returned flat over the water surface. The upright posture is the alpha and o when paddling. That's because the power is best transferred to the paddle and the board tilts the least.